What is Python?

Python is a programming language that lets you work more quickly and integrate your systems more effectively.


  • Powerful and fast. Python lets you write the code you need, quickly. And, thanks to a highly optimized byte compiler and support libraries, Python code runs more than fast enough for most applications.
  • Runs everywhere. Python is available for all major operating systems: Windows, Linux/Unix, OS/2, Mac, Amiga, among others.
  • Easily integrated. Python can integrate with .COM, .NET, and .CORBA objects. There are implementation of Python for Java libraries and for .NET objects. Python is also supported for the Internet Communications Engine (ICE) and for many other integration technologies.
  • Clear & readable syntax. That is why Python is friendly and easy to learn. Python developer and user community maintains a wiki, hosts international and local conferences, runs development sprints, and contributes to online code repositories.
  • Freely usable and distributable. The Python implementation is under an open source license that makes it freely usable. Python is free to use, even for commercial products, because of its OSI-approved open source license.

Historical Background

Python was created in the early 1990s by Guido van Rossum at Stichting Mathematisch Centrum in the Netherlands as a successor of a language called ABC. Guido remains Python’s principal author, although it includes many contributions from others. In 1995, Guido continued his work on Python at the Corporation for National Research Initiatives in Reston, Virginia where he released several versions of the software.

In May 2000, Guido and the Python core development team moved to BeOpen.com to form the BeOpen PythonLabs team. In October of the same year, the PythonLabs team moved to Digital Creations. In 2001, the Python Software Foundation was formed, a non-profit organization created specifically to own Python-related Intellectual Property. Zope Corporation is a sponsoring member of the PSF.

Python software

Python is one of the powerful dynamic programming languages, which is widely used for developing various web systems, including:

Transifex: not just another translation tool

Transifex is a web-based localization management platform for collecting, translating and delivering software products and supporting content. It was written using Django and Python, is offered as a software as a service.

Nimbus: cloud computing for science

Nimbus is an open-source toolkit focused on providing Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) capabilities to the scientific community. It is written in Python and Java for rapid development of custom community-specific solutions.

Better products management and tracking with Apache Bloodhound

Apache Bloodhound is an open source web-based project management and bug tracking system. It was built on top of Trac using Python and Bootstrap. This software development collaboration tool features multiple products hosting, enhanced full-text search, and user-friendly design.

Python distribution: Anaconda

Anaconda is a free enterprise-ready Python distribution with more than 195 Python packages for large-scale data processing, predictive analytics, and scientific computing, including NumPy, SciPy, Netcdf4, Spyder, Matplotlib, Pandas, IPython, Matplotlib, Numba, Blaze, Bokeh and many others.

What is ERPNext?

ERPNext is an open source web-based system aimed at small and medium sized businesses. It assists companies with accounting, human resource management, sales, purchase, inventory, CRM, administration, project and task management, manufacturing, and even website. ERPNext is built using Python, Frappe, and MySQL.


Viewflow is a reusable workflow library that is Python/Django-friendly, easily customizable and ready to use. It provides explicit, multi-user, static workflow with support for parallel tasks execution and complex split/joins.

Build games with Cocos2d

Cocos2d is an open source software framework that is used to build games, apps and other cross-platform GUI-based interactive programs. It is written in Python using pyglet library and features flow control, fast and easy sprites, big number of transitions, actions that allow you to animate quicker, and access to OpenGL functionality.

GeoDjango: improve with geospatial data

GeoDjango is a set of extensions to Django that provides geographic models, database APIs, functions, and utilities to easily incorporate geospatial data inside your web portal or create rich geographic web apps.

Translate on the web with Weblate

Weblate is a free feature rich web-based translation tool written in Python on the basis of Django web framework. Weblate’s main features are: Git integration, effective user interface, automatic linking to source files, propagation of translations across subprojects, and quality checks.

FlaskBB forum software

FlaskBB is a lightweight forum software written in Python using the micro framework Flask.

Knowledge Management Key (KMKey)

Knowledge Management Key (KMKey) is a web based open source knowledge management software written mostly in Python that allows users to plan and manage projects, follow any Quality Management System, maintain department and manage tickets.


Pootle is an online translation and localization tool that features terminology extraction, glossary, goals, statistics, user management, and error checks. It focuses on quality and enables both on-line and offline translation. Pootle was written in Python programming language using the Django framework.


Invenio is a free and open source software suite for management of digital library or document repository on the web. Functionality includes data acquisition, classification, indexing, storage, release, and distribution. It uses Apache/WSGI, Python, and MySQL.

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